Baden [French Occupation] #5N12 (1947)

Baden [French Occupation] #5N12 (1947)

The Allied occupation by the four powers that defeated Nazi Germany resulted in the creation of four major post-war occupation zones in 1945 and the Saar Protectorate (Saarland) in 1947.  The French zone of occupation was not initially allocated by the victorious Allies following the end of World War II in consideration of the historical animosity between the French and Germans.  With the urging of … Continue reading Baden [French Occupation] #5N12 (1947)

Baden #4 (1851)

Baden #4 (1851)

The Grand Duchy of Baden (Großherzogtum Baden) was a state in the southwest of Germany on the east bank of the Rhine that came into existence in the 12th century as the Margraviate of Baden and subsequently split into different lines, which were unified in 1771. It then became the much-enlarged Grand Duchy of Baden through the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1803–06 and … Continue reading Baden #4 (1851)

Azores #315a (1980)

The Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal, composed of nine volcanic islands in the North Atlantic Ocean about 850 miles (1,360 kilometers) west of continental Portugal.  The nine major Azorean islands and an islet cluster, are in three main groups: Flores and Corvo, to the west; Graciosa, Terceira, São Jorge, Pico, and Faial in … Continue reading Azores #315a (1980)

Azerbaijan #39 (1922)

Azerbaijan #39 (1922)

The Republic of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a country in the Transcaucasian region, situated at the crossroads of Southwest Asia and Southeastern Europe.  The earliest evidence of human settlement in the area dates back to the late Stone Age and is related to the Guruchay culture of the Azykh Cave. The Upper Paleolithic and late Bronze Age cultures are attested in the caves of Tağılar, Damcılı, … Continue reading Azerbaijan #39 (1922)

Austrian Offices in the Turkish Empire #7F (1876)

Austrian Offices in the Turkish Empire #7F (1876)

The Ottoman Empire (Devlet-i Aliyye-i Osmâniyye — دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه‎,), also known as the Turkish Empire, Ottoman Turkey or simply Turkey, was founded in 1299 by Oghuz Turks under Osman I in northwestern Anatolia. After conquests in the Balkans by Murad I between 1362 and 1389, the Ottoman sultanate was transformed into a transcontinental empire and claimant to the caliphate. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire … Continue reading Austrian Offices in the Turkish Empire #7F (1876)

United States #C45 (1949)

United States National Aviation Day

I have been fascinated by aviation for my entire life.  The park near where I lived around 6 or 7 years of age featured a stripped World War II bomber (either a B-17 or a B-24, I can’t recall) that us kids loved to climb through and play on.  Many family trips included visits to various museums dedicated to flight and there was a branch … Continue reading United States National Aviation Day

Thailand #1118 (1985)

National Science Day / วันวิทยาศาสตร์แห่งชาติ

The date of 18 August is observed in Thailand as National Science Day (Wan Witthayasat Haeng Chat — วันวิทยาศาสตร์แห่งชาติ).  This commemorates the anniversary of a total solar eclipse on that date in 1868 that was predicted by King Mongkut (Rama IV) two years earlier.  In 1982, this king was proclaimed to be the “Father of Science and Technology” in Thailand and the annual celebration of National Science Day set … Continue reading National Science Day / วันวิทยาศาสตร์แห่งชาติ

Austrian Offices in Crete #12 (1907)

Austrian Offices in Crete #12 (1907)

Crete (Κρήτη in Greek) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, and the fifth-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica. The capital and the largest city is Heraklion.  The island forms a significant part of the economy and cultural heritage of Greece, while retaining its own local cultural traits (such as its own poetry and music). It was … Continue reading Austrian Offices in Crete #12 (1907)