Bathyscaphe USS Trieste’s Record-Breaking Dive

On January 23, 1960, The bathyscaphe USS Trieste broke a depth record by descending to 35,797 feet (10,911 meters) in the Pacific Ocean. Trieste is a Swiss-designed, Italian-built deep-diving research bathyscaphe, which with its crew of two reached its record maximum depth in the deepest known part of the Earth’s oceans, the Challenger Deep, in the Mariana Trench near Guam in the Pacific. Jacques Piccard … Continue reading Bathyscaphe USS Trieste’s Record-Breaking Dive

The Pontifical Swiss Guard

On January 22, 1506, the first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrived at the Vatican. Swiss Guards (Gardes Suisses in French and Schweizergarde in German) are the Swiss soldiers who have served as guards at foreign European courts since the late 15th century. The earliest unit to be established on a permanent basis was the Hundred Swiss (Cent Suisses), created in 1480 when Louis XI … Continue reading The Pontifical Swiss Guard

Monte Carlo Auto Rally

On January 21, 1911, the first Monte Carlo Rally began. The Rallye Automobile Monte Carlo is a rallying event organized each year by the Automobile Club de Monaco which also organizes the Formula One Monaco Grand Prix and the Rallye Monte-Carlo Historique. The rally now takes place along the French Riviera in the Principality of Monaco and southeast France. Previously, competitors would set off from … Continue reading Monte Carlo Auto Rally

The British Colony of Hong Kong

On January 20, 1841, Hong Kong Island was occupied by the British during the First Opium War. The island was ceded by Qing China in the aftermath of the war in 1842 and established as a Crown colony in 1843. The colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War and was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of … Continue reading The British Colony of Hong Kong

Edgar Allan Poe & His Stamps

On January 19, 1809, author, editor and literary critic Edgar Allan Poe was born. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of mystery and the macabre. He is widely regarded as a central figure of Romanticism in the United States and of American literature as a whole, and he was one of the country’s earliest practitioners of the short … Continue reading Edgar Allan Poe & His Stamps

Daniel Webster & the Dartmouth College Case

Daniel Webster was born on January 18, 1782, in Salisbury, New Hampshire, at a location within the present-day city of Franklin. He was the son of Abigail (née Eastman) and Ebenezer Webster, a farmer and local official who served in the French and Indian War and the American Revolutionary War. Ebenezer’s ancestor, the Scottish-born Thomas Webster, had migrated to the United States around 1636. Webster … Continue reading Daniel Webster & the Dartmouth College Case

Happy Birthday, Ben Franklin.

Today is the 313th anniversary of the birth of Benjamin Franklin on Milk Street in Boston, Massachusetts. As arguably the greatest American who has ever lived, Franklin has been mentioned on this blog numerous times and received extensive biographies in 2017 and 2018 in conjunction with his roles in founding both the United States and Canadian post office systems.  It is difficult to choose another … Continue reading Happy Birthday, Ben Franklin.

Wan Khru (วันครู), or Teacher’s Day in Thailand

Today, January 16, is a school holiday for Thailand’s National Teacher’s Day (Wan Kkru, วันครู), not to be confused with the ceremony honoring teachers each year on a Thursday in June known as Wai Khru. Observed since 1957, the date marks the enactment of the Teachers Act, Buddhist Era 2488 which was published in the Government Gazette on January 15, 1945. Most Thai schools, especially … Continue reading Wan Khru (วันครู), or Teacher’s Day in Thailand