Hernán Cortés & His Conquest of the Aztec Empire

On March 4, 1519, Hernán Cortés arrived in México in search of the Aztec civilization and its wealth. The expedition (entrada) of Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro Altamirano, Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of what is now mainland México under the rule of the King of Castile in the early … Continue reading Hernán Cortés & His Conquest of the Aztec Empire

Napoléon Makes His Prison Break

On February 26, 1815, Napoléon Bonaparte escaped from the island of Elba. The French emperor had been exiled there after his forced abdication following the Treaty of Fontainebleau in 1814. He arrived at Portoferraio on May 30, 1814, and was allowed to keep a personal guard of 600 men. Napoléon was nominally sovereign of Elba, although the nearby sea was patrolled by the French and … Continue reading Napoléon Makes His Prison Break

José de San Martín

José Francisco de San Martín y Matorras was born on Febuary 25, 1778, at Yapeyú, Corrientes, in the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata — modern-day Argentina. Known simply as José de San Martín or El Libertador of Argentina, Chile and Peru, he was a Spanish-Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern and central parts of South America’s successful struggle for independence … Continue reading José de San Martín

United States - Scott #1488 (1973)

Nicoalus Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikołaj Kopernik in Polish and either Nikolaus Kopernikus or Niklas Koppernigk in German) was born on February 19, 1473, in the city of Thorn (modern Toruń), in the province of Royal Prussia, in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, the youngest of four children. The Renaissance-era mathematician and astronomer formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the … Continue reading Nicoalus Copernicus

Leonardo & the Madrid Codices

On February 13, 1967, American researchers discovered the Madrid Codices by Leonardo da Vinci in the Biblioteca Nacional de España (National Library of Spain) in Madrid. The Madrid Codices I–II (I – Ms. 8937 i II – Ms. 8936) are two manuscripts discovered by Dr. Jules Piccus, Language Professor at the University of Massachusetts. The Madrid Codices I was finished during 1490 and 1499, and … Continue reading Leonardo & the Madrid Codices

Thomas Alva Edison

Thomas Alva Edison was born, on February 11, 1847, in Milan, Ohio, and grew up in Port Huron, Michigan. Edison was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America’s greatest inventor. He is credited with developing many devices in fields such as electric power generation, mass communication, sound recording, and motion pictures. These inventions, which include the phonograph, the motion picture camera, … Continue reading Thomas Alva Edison

Charles Dickens: A Philatelic Tribute on His Birthday

Charles John Huffam Dickens was born on February 7, 1812, at 1 Mile End Terrace (now 393 Commercial Road), Landport in Portsea Island (Portsmouth), the second of eight children of Elizabeth Dickens (née Barrow; 1789–1863) and John Dickens (1785–1851). His father was a clerk in the Navy Pay Office and was temporarily stationed in the district. He asked Christopher Huffam, rigger to His Majesty’s Navy, … Continue reading Charles Dickens: A Philatelic Tribute on His Birthday