Eva Braun, the Führerbunker & Hitler’s Marriage

On April 29, 1945, Führer and Reich Chancellor (Reichskanzler) of the German Third Reich Adolf Hitler married his longtime partner Eva Anna Paula Braun in the Führerbunker air raid shelter in Berlin. Designating Admiral Karl Dönitz as his successor, on the following day Hitler killed himself by gunshot while Braun committed suicide with him by taking cyanide. In accordance with Hitler’s prior written and verbal instructions, that afternoon their … Continue reading Eva Braun, the Führerbunker & Hitler’s Marriage

Cross of Honour of the German Mother

On December 16, 1938, Adolf Hitler instituted the Cross of Honour of the German Mother Ehrenkreuz der Deutschen Mutter), referred to colloquially as the Mutterehrenkreuz (Mother’s Cross of Honour) or simply  Mutterkreuz (Mother’s Cross). This was a state decoration conferred by the government of the German Reich to honor a Reichsdeutsche German mother for exceptional merit to the German nation. Eligibility later extended to include Volksdeutsche (ethnic German) mothers from, for example, Austria and Sudetenland, that had earlier been incorporated into the German Reich. … Continue reading Cross of Honour of the German Mother

Germany [Third Reich] #B245 (1943)

Germany [Third Reich] #B245 (1943)

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was governed by a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP). Under Hitler’s rule, Germany was transformed into a fascist state in which the Nazi Party took totalitarian control over nearly all aspects of life. The official name of the state … Continue reading Germany [Third Reich] #B245 (1943)

Germany [Wiemar Republic] #237 (1923)

Germany [Weimar Republic] #237 (1923)

Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is the name for the parliamentary republic established in 1919 to replace the former Imperial form of government in Germany. The name derives from the city of Weimar, where its constitutional assembly first took place. The official name of the state was still Deutsches Reich; it had remained unchanged since 1871. This is usually taken to mean “German Empire”, but “Reich” … Continue reading Germany [Weimar Republic] #237 (1923)