Ross Dependency, Scott Base, and HMNZS Endeavour

The Ross Dependency is a region of Antarctica defined by a sector originating at the South Pole, passing along longitudes 160° east to 150° west, and terminating at latitude 60° south. It is claimed by New Zealand. Since the Antarctic Treaty came into force in 1961, Article IV of which states: “No acts or activities taking place while the present Treaty is in force shall … Continue reading Ross Dependency, Scott Base, and HMNZS Endeavour

José de San Martín

José Francisco de San Martín y Matorras was born on Febuary 25, 1778, at Yapeyú, Corrientes, in the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata — modern-day Argentina. Known simply as José de San Martín or El Libertador of Argentina, Chile and Peru, he was a Spanish-Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern and central parts of South America’s successful struggle for independence … Continue reading José de San Martín

French Southern & Antarctic Lands #2 (1956)

The French Southern and Antarctic Lands (Terres australes et antarctiques françaises, TAAF) is an overseas territory (Territoire d’outre-mer or TOM) of France. It consists of: Kerguelen Islands (Archipel des Kerguelen), a group of volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean, southeast of Africa, approximately equidistant between Africa, Antarctica and Australia; St. Paul and Amsterdam islands (Îles Saint Paul et Amsterdam), a group to the north … Continue reading French Southern & Antarctic Lands #2 (1956)

South Orkneys #4L2 (1944)

South Orkney Islands #4L2 (1944)

The South Orkney Islands are a group of islands in the Southern Ocean, about 375 miles (604 kilometers) north-east of the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, situated at latitudes about 60°30′ to 60°83′ S and longitudes 44°25′ to 46°25′ W. The archipelago comprises four main islands. Coronation Island is the largest, measuring about 30 miles (48 km) long; its highest point is Mount Nivea which … Continue reading South Orkney Islands #4L2 (1944)

Australian Antarctic Territory #L6 (1961)

Australian Antarctic Territory #L6 (1961)

The Australian Antarctic Territory (AAT) was claimed by the United Kingdom and placed under the authority of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1933. It is the largest territory of Antarctica claimed by any nation, consisting of all the islands and territory south of 60°S and between 45°E and 160°E, except for Adélie Land (136°E to 142°E), which divides the territory into Western AAT (the larger portion) … Continue reading Australian Antarctic Territory #L6 (1961)