Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic #149 (1918)

On October 25, 1917 (O.S.), immediately after the Russian Provisional Government was overthrown during the October Revolution, the Bolsheviks under Vladimir Lenin established the Soviet state. It had no name until January 25, 1918, when it became the Soviet Russian Republic. On July 10, 1918, the new Russian Constitution renamed the country the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика — Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya … Continue reading Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic #149 (1918)

Russian Empire #90 (1913)

The Russian Empire (Россійская Имперія — Rossiyskaya imperiya), also known as Russia, existed from 1721 until it was overthrown by the short-lived February Revolution in 1917. One of the largest empires in world history, stretching over three continents, the Russian Empire was surpassed in landmass only by the British and Mongol empires. The rise of the Russian Empire happened in association with the decline of neighboring … Continue reading Russian Empire #90 (1913)

Ottoman Empire #256 (1914)

The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه‎ — Devlet-i ʿAlīye-i ʿOsmānīye in Ottoman Turkish or  Osmanlı İmparatorluğu/Osmanlı Devleti in Modern Turkish), also known as the Turkish Empire or Ottoman Turkey, was an empire founded at the end of the thirteenth century in northwestern Anatolia in the vicinity of Bilecik and Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and … Continue reading Ottoman Empire #256 (1914)

Lebanese Republic #115 (1930)

Lebanon (لبنان‎‎ — Lubnān in Arabic or Liban in French), officially known as the Lebanese Republic (الجمهورية اللبنانية‎‎ — al-Jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah or République libanaise), is a sovereign state in Western Asia between latitudes 33° and 35° N and longitudes 35° and 37° E. Its land straddles the “northwest of the Arabian plate” and is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to … Continue reading Lebanese Republic #115 (1930)

USSR #1284 (1948)

USSR #1284 (1948)

The Soviet Union (Сове́тский Сою́з — Sovetsky Soyuz in Russian), officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик (СССР) — Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik), also known unofficially as Russia (Росси́я — Rossiya), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple equal national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was … Continue reading USSR #1284 (1948)

Turkey #C13 (1949)

Turkey #C13 (1949)

The Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti in Turkish), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, 97 percent in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe separated by the Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles. Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, parliamentary republic with a diverse cultural heritage. It is bordered by eight countries: Greece and Bulgaria to … Continue reading Turkey #C13 (1949)

Sri Lanka #678 (1983)

Sri Lanka #678 (1983)

The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය —Srī Lankā Prajātāntrika Samājavādī Janarajaya in Sinhalese and இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சோசலிச குடியரசு — Ilaṅkai jaṉanāyaka cōcalica kuṭiyaracu in Tamil), historically called Ceylon, is an island country in South Asia. Sri Lanka has maritime borders with India to the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest.  The island lies on the Indian Plate, a major … Continue reading Sri Lanka #678 (1983)