Orange River Colony #57 (1902)

The Orange River Colony (Oranjerivierkolonie) was the British colony created after Britain first occupied (1900) and then annexed (1902) the independent Orange Free State (Oranje-Vrijstaat in Dutch) in the Second Boer War. The colony ceased to exist in 1910, when it was absorbed into the Union of South Africa as Orange Free State Province. Extending between the Orange and Vaal rivers, its borders were determined by … Continue reading Orange River Colony #57 (1902)

Basutoland #18 (1938)

Basutoland #18 (1938)

Basutoland was a British Crown colony in southern Africa, established in 1884 due to the Cape Colony’s inability to control the territory. The mountainous and largely arid land that came to be Basutoland was populated by the San until the end of the 16th century. Bantu-speaking tribes began to migrate into the area, gradually forming various groups including the Basotho. In the nineteenth century, the Basutoland … Continue reading Basutoland #18 (1938)