Papua New Guinea #446 (1977)

Papua New Guinea #446 (1978)

The Independent State of Papua New Guinea (Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini in Tok Pisin) is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian … Continue reading Papua New Guinea #446 (1978)

New Zealand #302 (1955)

New Zealand #302 (1955)

New Zealand (Aotearoa in Māori) is an island nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses — the North Island, or Te Ika-a-Māui, and the South Island, or Te Waipounamu — and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 900 miles (1,500 kilometers) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 600 miles (1,000 kilometers) south of the Pacific … Continue reading New Zealand #302 (1955)

Hawaii #52 (1891)

Hawaii #52 (1891)

The Hawaiian Islands (Mokupuni o Hawai‘i) are an archipelago of eight major islands, several atolls, numerous smaller islets, and undersea seamounts in the North Pacific Ocean, extending some 1,500 miles (2,400 kilometers) from the island of Hawaiʻi in the south to northernmost Kure Atoll. Captain James Cook visited the islands on January 18, 1778, and named them the “Sandwich Islands” in honor of John Montagu, … Continue reading Hawaii #52 (1891)

Gilbert and Ellice Islands #40 (1939)

The Gilbert and Ellice Islands were a British protectorate from 1892 and colony from 1916 until January 1, 1976, when the islands were divided into two colonies which became the independent nations of Kiribati and Tuvalu shortly after. The Gilbert Islands (formerly Kingsmill Islands) are a chain of sixteen atolls and coral islands arranged in an approximate north-to-south line in the western Pacific Ocean that are … Continue reading Gilbert and Ellice Islands #40 (1939)

French Oceania #92 (1934)

French Oceania #92 (1934)

French Oceania was originally a protectorate established in 1842 covering Tahiti in the Society Islands and Tahuata in the Marquesas Islands of the South Pacific Ocean. The status of Tahiti was later changed to that of a colony and in 1903 a protectorate formally called the French Establishments in Oceania (Etablissements des français en Océanie, or EFO) was created uniting 118 geographically dispersed islands and atolls … Continue reading French Oceania #92 (1934)

Cook Islands #84 (1932)

Cook Islands #84 (1932)

The Cook Islands (Kūki ‘Āirani in Māori) is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand. It comprises 15 islands whose total land area is 92.7 square miles (240 square kilometers). The islands’ defense and foreign affairs are the responsibility of New Zealand, but they are exercised in consultation with the Cook Islands. Although Cook Islanders are citizens … Continue reading Cook Islands #84 (1932)

British Solomon Islands #68 (1939)

British Solomon Islands #68 (1939)

The Solomon Islands archipelago is a collection of Melanesian Islands in the western South Pacific Ocean, located northeast of Australia. They are in the Melanesia subregion and bioregion of Oceania. The islands have been inhabited for at least 30,000 years and were first visited by Europeans in 1568 by the Spanish navigator Álvaro de Mendaña who named them the Islas Salomón. Germany proclaimed the more northernly … Continue reading British Solomon Islands #68 (1939)