Captain Francis Light and the Early Years of Penang

On August 11, 1786, Captain Francis Light of the British East India Company established the British Settlement of Prince of Wales Island which later became the Colony of Penang in what is now Malaysia. The capital of the colony —George Town — was the first British colony in Southeast Asia. Captain Light had previously tried to convince the East India Company to establish a settlement on Phuket … Continue reading Captain Francis Light and the Early Years of Penang

Straits Settlements #15 (1867)

The Straits Settlements #15 (1867)

The Straits Settlements (نݢري٢ سلت — Negeri-negeri Selat in Malay or 叻嶼呷/海峽殖民地in Chinese) were a group of British territories located in Southeast Asia. Originally established in 1826 as part of the territories controlled by the British East India Company, the Straits Settlements came under direct British control as a Crown colony on April 1, 1867. The colony was dissolved in 1946 as part of the British … Continue reading The Straits Settlements #15 (1867)

Penang #92 (1986)

Penang [State of Malaysia] #92 (1986)

As a part of Malaysia, the State of Penang is often referred to by the modern Malay name Pulau Pinang, which means ‘the island of the areca nut palm’ (Areca catechu of the Palmae family). The name Penang may refer either to Penang Island or the State of Penang. Penang is also known as the ‘Pearl of the Orient’, 东方之珠 and Pulau Pinang Pulau Mutiara (Penang Island, … Continue reading Penang [State of Malaysia] #92 (1986)

Penang #46 (1957)

Penang [State of Malaya] #46 (1957)

Formerly a member of the Straits Settlements, the former Crown Colony of Penang — along with the coastal strip known as Province Welleseley — became a state of the Federation of Malaya in 1949. When Malaya achieved its independence from the United Kingdom in 1957, Penang was integrated as part of the federation, which was renamed Malaysia when it merged with the territories 0f British Borneo in 1963. … Continue reading Penang [State of Malaya] #46 (1957)

Malaysia #329 (1986)

Malaysia #329 (1986)

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Southeast Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of 127,720 square miles (330,803 square kilometers) separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia (Malaysian Borneo). Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, … Continue reading Malaysia #329 (1986)

Federation of Malaya #101 (1961)

Federation of Malaya #101 (1961)

The Federation of Malaya (Persekutuan Tanah Melayu in Malay and ڤرسكوتوان تانه ملايو in Jawi) was a federation of 11 states (nine Malay states and two of the British Straits Settlements, Penang and Malacca) that existed from February 1, 1948, until September 16, 1963. The Federation became independent on August 31, 1957, and in 1963 Malaysia was formed with the Singapore, North Borneo, and Sarawak … Continue reading Federation of Malaya #101 (1961)

Thailand #1104 (1985)

The Battle of Thalang

March 13 each year is celebrated on Phuket island in southern Thailand as Thalang Victory Day, commemorating the 1785 defeat of the local inhabitants over a superior Burmese invasion force. The island had been attacked shortly after the governor of Muang Thalang — a district of the province then known as Junkceylon — had died. His wife, Than Phuying Chan (ท่านผู้หญิงจัน), and her sister, Khun Mook (คุณมุก), gathered together … Continue reading The Battle of Thalang