United States - Scott #1488 (1973)

Nicoalus Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikołaj Kopernik in Polish and either Nikolaus Kopernikus or Niklas Koppernigk in German) was born on February 19, 1473, in the city of Thorn (modern Toruń), in the province of Royal Prussia, in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, the youngest of four children. The Renaissance-era mathematician and astronomer formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the … Continue reading Nicoalus Copernicus

Lower Oder Valley International Park

 The Lower Oder Valley International Park (Internationalpark Unteres Odertal in German and Międzynarodowy Park Dolina Dolnej Odry in Polish) is a shared German-Polish nature reserve. It comprises the western banks of the Oder river within the Uckermark district in the German state of Brandenburg as well as the steep eastern banks in the Gryfino and Police counties of the Polish West Pomeranian Voivodeship further north. … Continue reading Lower Oder Valley International Park

The Free City of Danzig

The Free City of Danzig (Freie Stadt Danzig in German and Wolne Miasto Gdańsk in Polish) was a semi-autonomous city-state that existed between 1920 and 1939, consisting of the Baltic Sea port of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) and the major cities of Zoppot (Sopot), Oliva (Oliwa), Tiegenhof (Nowy Dwór Gdański), Neuteich (Nowy Staw) plus some 252 villages and 63 hamlets, covering a total area of … Continue reading The Free City of Danzig

The Kościuszko Uprising

On March 24, 1794, in the Krakow, Poland, town square, Tadeusz Kościuszko — a veteran of the American Revolutionary War — announced a general uprising against Imperial Russia and the Kingdom of Prussia and assumed the powers of the Commander in Chief of all of the Polish forces. He vowed “not to use these powers to oppress any person, but to defend the integrity of the borders … Continue reading The Kościuszko Uprising

Poland under German Occupation #NO10 (1940)

Poland under German Occupation #NO10 (1940)

The General Government — sometimes also referred to as General Governorate (Generalgouvernement in German, Generalne Gubernatorstwo in Polish, and Генеральна губернія in Ukrainian) — was a German zone of occupation established after the joint invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939 at the onset of World War II. The full title of the regime in Germany until July 1940 was the … Continue reading Poland under German Occupation #NO10 (1940)

Poland #1338 (1965)

Poland #1338 (1965)

The Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska in Polish), is a parliamentary republic in Central Europe. Poland is a unitary state divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 120,726 square miles (312,679 square kilometers) with a mostly temperate climate. With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland’s capital and largest city is … Continue reading Poland #1338 (1965)

Allenstein #25 (1920)

Allenstein #25 (1920)

Allenstein was a district in East Prussia centered upon the city of the same name (currently the Polish city of Olsztyn) which overprinted German stamps in April 1920 to publicize a self-determination vote known as a plebiscite. The name is German for “castle on the Alle River”, construction of which was begun by Teutonic knights in 1347 and completed fifty years later. Since 1999, the … Continue reading Allenstein #25 (1920)