Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic #149 (1918)

On October 25, 1917 (O.S.), immediately after the Russian Provisional Government was overthrown during the October Revolution, the Bolsheviks under Vladimir Lenin established the Soviet state. It had no name until January 25, 1918, when it became the Soviet Russian Republic. On July 10, 1918, the new Russian Constitution renamed the country the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика — Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya … Continue reading Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic #149 (1918)

Army of the Northwest #4 (1919)

Army of the Northwest #4 (1919)

The Russian counter-revolutionary Army of the Northwest  had its origins in the death throes of the Great War. German Quartermaster General Erich Ludendorff, ably assisted by General Max Hoffmann, chief of staff for the Eastern Front, had brought about the birth of the army in October 1918 in the occupied city of Pskov. They had theorized that Lenin’s Bolshevik government had a very questionable grasp … Continue reading Army of the Northwest #4 (1919)

Army of the North #2 (1919)

Army of the North #2 (1919)

The North Russia Intervention, also known as the Northern Russian Expedition, the Archangel Campaign, and the Murman Deployment, was part of the Allied Intervention in Russia after the October Revolution. The intervention brought about the involvement of foreign troops in the Russian Civil War on the side of the White movement. While the movement was ultimately defeated, the Allied forces fought notable ending defensive actions … Continue reading Army of the North #2 (1919)