Senegalese Independence Day

April 4 is celebrated each year in the Republic of Senegal (République du Sénégal), a country in West Africa. On April 4, 1959, Senegal and the French Sudan merged to form the Mali Federation, which became fully independent on June 20, 1960, as a result of Senegal’s independence and the transfer of power agreement signed with France on April 4, 1960. Due to internal political difficulties, … Continue reading Senegalese Independence Day

Upper Senegal & Niger #20 (1914)

Upper Senegal and Niger (Haut Sénégal et Niger) was a colony in French West Africa, created on October 21, 1904, from colonial Senegambia and Niger by the decree “For the Reorganisation of the general government of French West Africa”. At its creation, the “Colony of Upper Senegal and Niger” contained the old territories of Upper Senegal, the Middle Niger, and the military Niger territory. It … Continue reading Upper Senegal & Niger #20 (1914)

Upper Volta (Republic) #329 (1974)

The Republic of Upper Volta (République de Haute-Volta in French) was a landlocked West African self-governing colony within the French Community. Before attaining autonomy it had been French Upper Volta, a colony of French West Africa established on March 1, 1919, from territories that had been part of the colonies of Upper Senegal and Niger and the Côte d’Ivoire. The colony was dissolved on September … Continue reading Upper Volta (Republic) #329 (1974)

Senegal #203 (1961)

Senegal, Republic of #203 (1961)

The Republic of Senegal (République du Sénégal), is a country in West Africa bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest. Senegal also borders The Gambia, a country occupying a narrow sliver of land along the banks of the Gambia River, which separates Senegal’s southern region of Casamance from the rest of the country. … Continue reading Senegal, Republic of #203 (1961)

Senegal #146 (1935)

Senegal [French Colony] #146 (1935)

The French conquest of Sénégal in western Africa began in 1659 with the establishment of Saint-Louis followed by the French capture of the island of Gorée from the Dutch in 1677, but would only become a full-scale campaign in the nineteenth century. The territory was a part of French West Africa (Afrique occidentale française, AOF) — a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French … Continue reading Senegal [French Colony] #146 (1935)

French Guinea #131 (1938)

French Guinea #131 (1938)

French Guinea (Guinée française) was a French colonial possession in West Africa established in 1891. Since the eighteenth century, Portuguese, British and French traders had established small stations on the coast which was called Rivières du Sud by the French. The Portuguese had trading stations at Rio Pongo and Rio Nunez, mostly for the purchase of enslaved Africans captured inland and brought to the coast. Subsequently … Continue reading French Guinea #131 (1938)