Hernán Cortés & His Conquest of the Aztec Empire

On March 4, 1519, Hernán Cortés arrived in México in search of the Aztec civilization and its wealth. The expedition (entrada) of Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro Altamirano, Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of what is now mainland México under the rule of the King of Castile in the early … Continue reading Hernán Cortés & His Conquest of the Aztec Empire

José de San Martín

José Francisco de San Martín y Matorras was born on Febuary 25, 1778, at Yapeyú, Corrientes, in the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata — modern-day Argentina. Known simply as José de San Martín or El Libertador of Argentina, Chile and Peru, he was a Spanish-Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern and central parts of South America’s successful struggle for independence … Continue reading José de San Martín

Leonardo & the Madrid Codices

On February 13, 1967, American researchers discovered the Madrid Codices by Leonardo da Vinci in the Biblioteca Nacional de España (National Library of Spain) in Madrid. The Madrid Codices I–II (I – Ms. 8937 i II – Ms. 8936) are two manuscripts discovered by Dr. Jules Piccus, Language Professor at the University of Massachusetts. The Madrid Codices I was finished during 1490 and 1499, and … Continue reading Leonardo & the Madrid Codices

King Juan Carlos I of Spain

On January 5, 1938, Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias — later Juan Carlos I, reigning as King of Spain from November 22, 1975, until his abdication on June 19, 2014 — was born to Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona, and Princess María Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. He was born in Rome, Italy, where members of the Spanish royal family lived … Continue reading King Juan Carlos I of Spain

Christopher Columbus’s Letter

On February 15, 1493, while at sea aboard the caravel Niña, Christopher Columbus wrote a letter while on the return leg of his first voyage of discovery. This is the first known document announcing the results of Columbus’ voyage that set out in 1492 and reached the Americas. A post-script was added upon his arrival in Lisbon on March 4, 1493, and it was probably … Continue reading Christopher Columbus’s Letter

Spanish Morocco #145 (1935)

The Spanish Protectorate in Morocco (الحماية الإسبانية على المغرب — Protectorado español en Marruecos) was established on November 27, 1912, by a treaty between France and Spain that converted the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco into a formal protectorate. The Spanish protectorate consisted of a northern strip on the Mediterranean and the Strait of Gibraltar, and a southern part of the protectorate around Cape Juby, … Continue reading Spanish Morocco #145 (1935)

Spanish Sahara #B18 (1951)

Spanish Sahara #B18 (1951)

Spanish Sahara (Sahara Español in Spanish and الصحراء الإسبانية‎‎ — As-Sahrā’a Al-Isbānīyah in Arabic), officially the Overseas Province of the Spanish Sahara (Provincia Ultramarina del Sahara Español and إقليم الصحراء الإسبانية ما وراء البحار), was the name used for the modern territory of Western Sahara when it was occupied and ruled as a territory by Spain between 1884 and 1975. It had been one of the most … Continue reading Spanish Sahara #B18 (1951)