On August 17, 1807, a 150-foot (46 meter) long boat developed by American engineer and inventor Robert Fulton sailed from New York City on a voyage up the Hudson River — at that time often called the North River —to Albany, 150 miles away, That boat was the North River Steamboat but now remembered as the Clermont and is widely regarded as he world’s first vessel to demonstrate … Continue reading Robert Fulton’s “Clermont”
On July 30, 1971, Apollo 15 landed on the Moon with the first Lunar Roving Vehicle. This was the ninth manned mission in the United States’ Apollo program, the fourth to land on the Moon, and the eighth successful manned mission. It was the first of what were termed “J missions”, long stays on the Moon, with a greater focus on science than had been possible on … Continue reading Apollo 15 & the Lunar Rover
On July 20, 1969, Apollo 11 mission commander Neil Armstrong and pilot Buzz Aldrin landed the lunar module Eagle on the Moon at 20:18 UTC. Armstrong became the first human in history to step onto the lunar surface six hours later on July 21 at 02:56:15 UTC; Aldrin joined him about 20 minutes later. They spent about two and a quarter hours together outside the … Continue reading Apollo 11 Moon Landing
June 14 is annually celebrated in the United States as Flag Day, commemorating the adoption of the U.S. national flag on June 14, 1777, by resolution of the Second Continental Congress. Additionally, the week of June 14 ( June 11–17 in 2017) is designated as National Flag Week, during which the President of the United States issues a proclamation urging U.S. citizens to fly the … Continue reading Happy 240th Birthday to the U.S. National Flag!
The Kansas–Nebraska Act became a law on May 30, 1854, establishing the Nebraska Territory and Kansas Territory. One of the provisions of the Act repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and allowed the settlers of Kansas Territory to determine by popular sovereignty whether Kansas would be a free state or a slave state. The Territory of Kansas was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that … Continue reading The Territory of Kansas
The Insular Government of the Philippine Islands was a territorial government of the United States of America created in 1901 in what is now the Republic of the Philippines. The name reflects the fact that it was a civilian administration under the authority of the Bureau of Insular Affairs, in contrast to the United States Military Government of the Philippine Islands that it replaced. The government … Continue reading Insular Government of The Philippine Islands #396 (1935)
I recently taught a lesson about heroes of American folklore (yes, some textbooks in Thai schools have completely random readings) that reminded me of the 1966 stamp honoring this legend, who may have just been an ancestor of mine on my mother’s side of the family. John Chapman, often called Johnny Appleseed, was an American pioneer nurseryman who introduced apple trees to large parts of Pennsylvania, … Continue reading Johnny Appleseed
On March 30, 1822, the Spanish provinces of Florida Oriental (East Florida) and Florida Occidental (West Florida) — divided by the British in 1763 following the French and Indian War (the Seven Years’ War) out of the former Spanish territory of La Florida — became the United States Territory of Florida. This organized incorporated territory existed until March 3, 1845, when it was admitted to the Union as the State of Florida. Ceded … Continue reading The U.S. Territory of Florida