The Pontifical Swiss Guard

On January 22, 1506, the first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrived at the Vatican. Swiss Guards (Gardes Suisses in French and Schweizergarde in German) are the Swiss soldiers who have served as guards at foreign European courts since the late 15th century. The earliest unit to be established on a permanent basis was the Hundred Swiss (Cent Suisses), created in 1480 when Louis XI … Continue reading The Pontifical Swiss Guard

Vatican City #233 (1958)

The State of Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano in Italian, or Status Civitatis Vaticanae in Latin) is a country located within the city of Rome. With an area of approximately 110 acres (44 hectares), and a population of 1,000, it is the smallest state in the world by both area and population. However, formally it is not sovereign, with sovereignty being held by … Continue reading Vatican City #233 (1958)

Roman States #4c (1852)

Roman States #4c (1852)

The Papal States, officially the State of the Church (Stato della Chiesa in Italian or Status Ecclesiae in Latin), were territories in the Italian Peninsula under the sovereign direct rule of the pope, from the eighth century until 1870. They were among the major states of Italy until the Italian Peninsula was unified in 1861 by the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia. At their zenith, they covered … Continue reading Roman States #4c (1852)